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A randomized comparative study on median and paramedian approaches for subarachnoid block using sprotte needle in the cesarean section: Quest for the best

1 Department of Anaesthesiology, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
2 Department of Critical Care, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Tushar Kumar,
Department of Anaesthesiology, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aer.aer_130_21

Background: Since 1898 when August Bier, introduced spinal analgesia, there is lot of advancement made in the technique. There are various approaches and techniques for subarachnoid block. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare median and paramedian approach for spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery using Sprotte needle in terms of number of attempts, success rate, adverse effects, and complications. Materials and Methods: One hundred patients were randomly divided into two equal groups and underwent subarachnoid block in median and paramedical block for elective cesarean section. Results: There is no significant difference between the two groups. Mean with standard deviation in the number of attempts for subarachnoid block through media and paramedian approach is 1.18 ± 0.48 and 1.06 ± 0.24, respectively (P = 0.51). The incidence of postdural puncture headache (PDPH) and lower backache was insignificant in both the groups (P = 0.218 and 0.646, respectively). Conclusions: Paramedian approach should not be considered as a reserve technique for spinal anesthesia and can be used as popularly as the median approach.

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