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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 392-396

The value of routine tests before pediatric eye surgery: A 10-year experience at a tertiary care hospital

1 Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan
2 Department of Anesthesiology, Toyama Nishi General Hospital, Toyama, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mitsuhiro Matsuo
Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toyama, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aer.aer_112_22

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Background: Routine tests before ophthalmologic surgery in adult patients are no longer recommended. However, there are limited data on the utility of routine preoperative tests for children. Aims: We aimed to describe the effect of routine preoperative tests on systemic perioperative complications by hospital discharge or by day 30 following eye surgery. Settings and Design: This was a single-center, observational, and descriptive study. Subjects and Methods: We examined all patients ≤ 17 years old for whom ophthalmologists consulted with anesthesiologists before eye surgery under general anesthesia in an academic teaching tertiary care hospital from January 2010 to December 2019. Results: A total of 708 pediatric patients were analyzed. The mean patient age was 8.5 ± 4.6 years. The most frequently performed procedure was strabismus surgery in 433 patients (61.2%). Following anesthetic consultations, 15 patients (2.1%) underwent surgery postponed due to abnormalities at the physical examination. Routine tests identified that the two patients (0.3%) required additional evaluations due to elevated serum creatine kinase and electrocardiographic abnormalities. However, further examinations found that these abnormalities were unremarkable. The remaining 691 patients (97.6%) underwent surgery as scheduled. Substantial intraoperative blood loss was observed only in three patients with malignant tumors or trauma. The incidence of systemic complications was 0 (0%; 95% confidence interval, 0%–0.05%). Conclusions: These data indicated that the development of systemic perioperative complications following pediatric ophthalmic surgery is rare. Preoperative tests should be requested only if they are clinically indicated or before potentially bleeding procedures, such as malignancy or trauma surgery.

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