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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 54-59

Preoperative ultrasonographic evaluation of subclavian vein and inferior vena cava for predicting hypotension associated with induction of general anesthesia

Department of Anaesthesia, Rajarajeshwari Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mahesh Chandra
Department of Anaesthesia, Rajarajeshwari Medical College and Hospital, Mysore Road, Bengaluru - 560 074, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aer.aer_9_22

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Introduction: Induction of general anesthesia is often associated with hypotension and is a common scenario faced by anesthesiologists. Intraoperative hypotension can have detrimental effects and cause various adverse effects leading to an extended hospital stay. Patients' preinduction volume status can have an effect on postinduction blood pressure. Ultrasonography is a useful tool for measuring intravascular volume status. We studied the ability of ultrasonographic measurement of subclavian vein (SCV) and inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter, collapsibility index (CI) to predict hypotension after induction of general anesthesia. Materials and Methods: We included 120 patients in our study. SCV measurements during spontaneous and deep inspiration and IVC measurements were taken before induction and postinduction blood pressure was monitored. Patients with mean arterial blood pressure <60 mmHg or with a 30% decrease from baseline were considered to be having hypotension. Results: The CI of IVC with a cutoff 37% showed sensitivity of 94% and specificity of 84% which was statistically significant. The CI of 36% of SCV during deep breathing was found to have high sensitivity and specificity of 90% and 87%. Conclusion: Our study in spontaneously breathing preoperative patients shows that SCV CI in deep breathing and IVC CI is very sensitive and reliable in predicting postinduction hypotension. Bedside ultrasound measurements can be easily done to obtain valuable information to recognize patients who could be at risk from postinduction hypotension.

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