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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 408-412

Apnoeic oxygenation during simulated difficult intubation in obese patients: comparison of buccal ring, adair and elwyn tube versus nasal cannula: A prospective randomized controlled trial

1 Department of Anaesthesiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Biostatistics, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Leah Raju George
Department of Anaesthesiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aer.aer_114_21

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Background: Apnoeic oxygenation is an established method of increasing safe apnoea times during intubation and this is of more importance in obese patients. The usefulness of buccal Ring, Adair and Elwyn (RAE) oxygenation has been established in previous studies, however a head-to-head comparison with nasal cannula (NC) is lacking. Aim: The aim of this study was to compare apnoea time with buccal RAE (BR) versus NC in obese patients. Setting and Design: This was a prospective, nonblinded randomized controlled trial conducted in a tertiary hospital where fifty American Society of Anaesthesiologists Physical Status Class I and II, obese patients with body mass index ≥30, posted for elective surgery were included. Materials and Methods: Following adequate preoxygenation and standard induction of anaesthesia, a prolonged simulated difficult laryngoscopy was performed during which oxygen was provided via either BR or NC. The primary outcome was time to desaturation to <95% or 10 min, which ever occurred first. Other outcomes recorded were lowest saturation, time to resaturation and highest end tidal carbon di oxide. Statistical Analysis: Mean with standard deviation (SD) or median with inter quartile range were used for continuous variables and absolute number with percentage were used for categorical variables. The primary outcome was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and log-rank tests were applied. Results: Patient characteristics were similar in both arms. The mean apnoea time in seconds (SD) in the BR group, 375.3 (116.6) was higher than the NC group 316.1 (94.1), P = 0.054. From the Kapan Meier curves the probability of desaturating to <95% was earlier in the NC group than the BR group (P = 0.092). The other outcomes were similar in both groups. Conclusion: This is the first study that demonstrates that oxygenation via a BR is better than NC in providing apnoeic oxygenation in obese patients and can safely be used when NC are contraindicated.

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