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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 219-224

Efficacy of alpha 2 agonists in obtunding rise in intraocular pressure after succinylcholine and that following laryngoscopy and intubation


1 Department of Anaesthesiology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, India
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Government Medical College, Kottayam, Kerala, India
3 Department of Ophthalmology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunil Rajan
Department of Anaesthesiology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi - 682 041, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0259-1162.156312

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Context: Elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) is an inherent and inadvertent association with the use of succinylcholine and alpha 2 agonists can be used to obtund this effect. Aims: The study was aimed to assess the efficacy of intravenous dexmedetomidine and clonidine premedication in attenuating rise in IOP during laryngoscopy and intubation following administration of succinylcholine. Settings and Design: This prospective, observational study was conducted in 40 patients aged 20-60 years undergoing non ophthalmic surgical procedures. Subjects and Methods: For patients in Group D, dexmedetomidine 0.4 mcg/kg and in Group C clonidine 1 μg/kg over 10 min was administered before induction. All patients were induced with propofol. Laryngoscopy and intubation were performed 1 min after administration of succinylcholine 2 mg/kg. Statistical Analysis Used: Mann-Whitney, Chi-square and Wilcoxon tests. Results: Mean baseline IOP of both groups were comparable (15.4 ± 2.6 vs. 14.7 ± 2.3). Following premedication and induction, IOP decreased in both groups and the reduction was significantly more in Group D. Following administration of succinylcholine and 1 min after intubation IOP raised and exceeded the baseline value in Group C (16.0 ± 1.6 and 18.6 ± 2.2). Though there was an increase in IOP in Group D (12.0 ± 1.9 and 14.0 ± 2.1), it did not reach up to baseline values. Then there was a gradual reduction in IOP in both groups at 3, 5, and 10 min and Group D continued to have a significantly low IOP than Group C up to 10 min. Conclusions: Dexmedetomidine 0.4 μg/kg resulted in a reduction of IOP and blunted the increase in IOP, which followed administration of succinylcholine, laryngoscopy, and intubation. Though clonidine 1 μg/kg reduced IOP, it did not prevent rise in IOP following succinylcholine, laryngoscopy, and intubation.


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