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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 57-63

Postgraduate educational pictorial review: Ultrasound-guided vascular access


Department of Anesthesiology and Operating Rooms, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Altaf Bukhari
Department of Anesthesiology and Operating Rooms, King Fahad Medical City, P. O. Box: 59046, Riyadh: 11525
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0259-1162.73507

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Over the last few years the role of ultrasound has steadily increased and has now an established role in anesthesia and critical care. The various applications of this technology in this field include ultrasound-guided insertion of central lines (internal jugular, subclavian, axillary, femoral) and peripheral venous catheters, arterial line insertion, regional blocks etc. The simple reason of using this technology is "You believe what you see". In this text we will mainly focus on central line, peripheral venous placement and arterial blood flow patterns under ultrasound guidance.In our institution at KFMC, internal jugular vein cannulation is preferred to cannulation of the subclavian vein because of the higher incidence of pneumothorax and subclavian artery puncture associated with the later. The incidence of carotid artery puncture is higher in children younger than five years than in older children during this procedure. The use of ultrasonography has been shown to increase the success rate and decrease the incidence of complications associated with IJV cannulation in adults. We will go through a stepwise approach in identifying and confirming the required blood vessels for ultrasound-guided cannulation using B-mode (2D), color flow doppler and Pulse Wave Doppler


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